The National Bureau of Civil Status (BUNEC) was created by article 10 of the law N ° 2011/011 of May 6, 2011 modifying and completing the ordinance N ° 81-02 of June 29, 1981 organizing the 'civil status and various provisions relating to the status of natural persons. Decree No. 2013/03 of February 13, 2013 on the organization and functioning of BUNEC, meanwhile, in its article 4 sets out the main missions of this public administrative establishment.
Indeed, Article 4 paragraph 1 of the above-mentioned decree provides: "The mission of BUNEC is to ensure the supervision, control, regulation and evaluation of the national civil status system.
As such, it is responsible for:
- Collecting, archiving and centralizing data and documents relating to civil status, with a view to creating a national civil status file. To this end, BUNEC receives or requests the transmission registers and other relevant acts or documents which it maintains;
- The exercise of administrative and technical control over the organization and operation of civil status centers, as well as the keeping of registers and the establishment of civil status documents;
- The development, dissemination and compliance with standards, standard documents and procedures manuals applicable to civil status documents and centers;
- The supply of civil status registers as well as the material and other equipment necessary for the proper functioning of civil status centers;
Training of civil status officers and secretaries, as well as other stakeholders in the system;
- Design and implementation of information and public awareness programs on civil status regulations. "
In this perspective, BUNEC must collect documents relating to civil status to constitute the national civil status file. This file, when operational, will allow the public authorities to control the size of the population and, in so doing, to better guide public policies. Thus, the law N ° 2011/011 of May 6, 2011 mentioned provides in its article 15 paragraph 2 new that the civil status registers are kept in triplicate; a copy being sent to BUNEC after visa and obliteration of unused sheets by the Prosecutor of the Republic with territorial jurisdiction. This transmission of registers also contributes to the conservation of civil status data.
In addition, BUNEC, by virtue of its mission to control the national civil status system, must exercise both administrative and technical control over the organization and operation of civil status centers. The administrative control aims at ensuring the possession by the officers and secretaries of civil status of the decrees of creation of the civil status centers, of their reports of taking of oath as well as of the decrees appointing them to their various functions .
Technical control meanwhile aims to ensure the proper maintenance of civil status registers which must not include any overloads, erasures or erasures. The use of official registers, those produced by the Imprimerie Nationale in particular, as well as the quality of document archiving are also elements that come under the domain of technical control.
Regulation of the civil status system in Cameroon is also the responsibility of BUNEC. It is in this context that he is responsible for the development, dissemination and compliance with standards, standard documents and procedures manuals applicable to civil status acts and centers. In this vein, the procedure manual for civil status officers and secretaries in gestation at the Directorate of Standardization and Control of Civil Status Centers (DNCC) of BUNEC, includes all the steps that they must respect during the establishment of civil status documents. Regulation also involves the implementation of information and awareness programs for populations on the legislation and regulations governing civil status.
As document fraud is one of the scourges that undermine our civil status system, BUNEC must tackle it. For this, it is responsible for proposing and implementing a master plan for the computerization of the system after approval by the Government. The computerization of the national civil registration system will make it more reliable and efficient.
Supervision, control and regulation missions result from the evaluation of the national civil status system. In fact, BUNEC must send the Government an annual report on the functioning and reliability of the civil status system. It must also propose, in these reports, measures to improve the system.
Ultimately, the BUNEC public administrative establishment, is the technical arm of the State in matters of modernization and monitoring and evaluation of the national civil status system.